We’ve got VMware View installed, so now what?

The key technology of VMware View is the use of VMware View composer with linked clone. Since users will not have the mechanism to make changes to the OS drive (or even if they change the OS by installing a new app, it will be replaced with a linked clone of master VM during next refresh or recompose operation), the master VM should contain all the necessary components for end-user operation. Programs like Adobe Flash that are typically installed by the end user should be installed in the master VM before deployment. Additionally, the master image should be optimized to reduce as much unnecessary overhead as possible.

1. Create a master VM for Windows 7 with 1.5G RAM, 18G HD (thin provisioned), 32MB Video RAM, and VMXNET3. Use the 500G SATA datastore to store the Microsoft Windows 7 Master VM. During VMware View provisioning, the master VM image is cloned to the replica datastore (which will be SSD drive). It is important to make the OS disk as small as possible to reduce the SSD space consumption and clone time. Avoid any operation that may increase the thin provisioned HD space such as defrag or index operation.

2. After the Microsoft Windows 7 installation, install the VMware Tools and perform a desktop optimization. VMware has a very good Microsoft Windows 7 desktop optimization guide with CMD script that will perform the optimization automatically. (http://www.VMware.com/files/pdf/VMware-View-OptimizationGuideWindows7-EN.pdf) Key optimization steps include:

a) Set the Microsoft Windows performance level to best performance. Computer Properties->Advanced->Performance Settings

b) Fix the paging file size to 75% of RAM

c) Turn off operations that make changes to disks and increase the size of the linked clone, like System Restore, SuperFetch, Defrag, and Microsoft Windows search. Microsoft Windows update and any other update services should be disabled just before shutting down the master VM for provisioning.

3. Install any necessary applications, such as Microsoft Office suite, Adobe Reader, Adobe Flash, Google Chrome, Video Codec, GOM player, printer drivers, and antivirus software. Setup printers for users or use a print server.

4. If Interactive Login-> Do not Require Ctrl-Alt-Del is enabled, single sign on over PCoIP will not work. Disable that policy.

5. Install the VMware View agent. VMware View agent installation may require Microsoft windows update service. Turn on the Microsoft Windows update before the VMware View agent installation. Turn off the Microsoft Windows update after the agent install.

6. After the VMware View agent installation, the Teradici audio device driver redirects analog audio devices and will need to be installed to enable bi-directional audio that is necessary for services like Skype. Download the audio driver from the Teradici support site. (http://techsupport.teradici.com/ics/support/DLRedirect.asp?fileID=15032). After the installation of the Teradici audio device driver, go to control panel->sound and set the Teradici device as the default playback and recording device.

7. Before the master VM can be used, it needs to be activated. Enter the Volume License Key and activate Microsoft Windows. Once Microsoft Windows is activated, two of the registry keys will need to be modified. The first one changes the default activation mechanism for VMware View linked clones from Microsoft Windows Key Management Service (KMS) to Multiple Activation Key (MAK) activation. The second bypasses activation during provisioning.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetservicesVMware-Viewcomposer-ga

Set AllowActivateMAKLicense to 1

Set SkipLicenseActivation to 1

8. Release the IP address and shutdown the VM

9. Choose the VM setting to change the swapfile location to host setting that should point to the 500G SATA drive. Otherwise, the VM swapfile will get created in the SSD storage space.

10. Take a snapshot. As the application and Microsoft Windows get updated, take a subsequent snapshot. A snapshot will then be used during VMware View provisioning. However, it is not necessary to keep too many snapshots. Your best bet is to consolidate snapshots from time to time.

a). Installation and configuration of VMware View Manager (Connection Broker)

VMware View Manager (or connection broker) provides VDI administration functions like desktop provisioning and user assignment while providing connection brokering between end user connections to the user’s desktop VM. When a connection request is initiated from an end user device (such as a desktop PC, zero client, or iPad), the VMware View connection broker authenticates the user, and connects the user device to the assigned desktop VM. Depending on the configuration, the display traffic (RDP/PCoIP) can be tunneled through the connection broker.

    1. Deploy Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 VM with static IP address and join the active directory domain.
    2. Install the connection broker software. Use Run as administrator option.
    3. Once the connection broker is installed, run web browser to https://<connectionbroker IP>/admin (the connection broker web GUI is written in Adobe Flex. Use a 32bit web browser)
    4. Login with domain administrator credential
    5. Enter your VMware View license key
    6. In the VMware View Configuration section, select Servers and edit the VMware View connection server settings. Uncheck the Use Secure Tunnel connection to desktop option if a security server is not used.
    7. Add a vCenter Server to VMware View manager.

Enter the server IP or Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) in the server address. The user should be a domain administrator who can manage the vCenter operation.

You can change the advanced settings and increase the provisioning and power operations, but that should only be necessary for a large scale deployment.

Check Enable VMware View Composer

Add a domain name for VMware View Composer. The domain should be FQDN, such as slhome.local. User name should be in the format of domainusername (ex: slhomesam)

Related Blog Posts

See All Blogs

TechTarget: Hyper-Converged Infrastructure Solutions Boost Channel

Enterprises are turning to hyper-converged infrastructure solutions because of their simple deployment model and high levels of automation. Some channel partners are cashing in on the technology shift, but traditional storage products still represent an enormous market. In this article…

Cisco Live 2018: Vendor Opens Management Console to Partners

In this article for TechTarget, Force 3's VP of Client Solutions Jason Parry weighs in on the new opportunities arising from Cisco DNA Center. In Cisco's latest nod to software, the company has opened its Cisco DNA Center to developers,…

GCN: Building a Better Agency Through Software Orchestration

In federal IT, there is sometimes fear that software orchestration will render the technology professional’s role obsolete. This mindset, however, is misguided. In reality, the exact opposite is true: Orchestration has the potential to not only make federal IT workers’…

3 Use Cases for Harnessing Next-Gen HCI

These days, between budgeting shortfalls and the unending data explosion, federal IT organizations face significant pressure to do more with less. This decline affected all areas of IT including software, hardware, networks and outsourced IT services. But even as funding…

NextGov: No Better Time for Software Orchestration

As agencies look to modernize, software orchestration offers an opportunity to make sure all their software is working together. It makes sense: All of your software should work together. And, once implemented, software automation and orchestration can help IT systems…

Hyper-Converged Infrastructure (HCI): Scalability and QoS

For federal agencies, hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI) offers scalability, quality of service. Federal agencies today face extensive pressure to move faster. Nowhere is this truer than in the IT realm, where teams are expected not only drive operational efficiency and reduce…

IoT & The Intelligent Edge: Defending Outside The Firewall

The Internet of Things, though still evolving, has pushed its way into the workplace. The result? CSOs are working overtime to keep up. What’s the protocol for these connected devices, and how do they fit into the existing security infrastructure?…

GCN: The Hidden Challenges of Federal IT Modernization

In the next three years, an estimated $3 billion worth of federal IT equipment will reach end-of-life status, according to former U.S. Federal CIO Tony Scott. It’s an intimidating number, and one that indicates just how far-reaching the need is…

IoT in Federal: From Concept to Reality and Risk

The way we reconcile our security concerns with IoT’s inevitable integration will determine whether the revolution upgrades our lives or creates chaos.  Remember when the Internet of Things was more concept than reality? Those days are long gone. Demand for…

NextGov: How Can Agencies Prepare for a Software Future?

For federal agencies and their IT teams, change is inevitable. After all, it’s the nature of IT to change and grow alongside rapid innovation. Today, agencies must adapt as we shift from a hardware-centric model to an increasingly software-defined world.…

InformationWeek: Containerization Gains Traction & We’re Better for it

Cloud-based application development has taken big strides, and it's delivering benefits for enterprises such as federal agencies. Application development has forever been a thorn in the side of federal agencies. It’s tough, after all, to innovate when hampered by the…

TechTarget: Tech Launch Shakes Up Cisco Campus Network Design

Channel executives said Cisco's new campus networking approach offers software-defined networking, management and security capabilities, but will face a customer adoption test. Channel partners are absorbing a new take on Cisco campus network design in light of the vendor's revised…

GCN: Building a Better Backup

For public sector employees who work in national security, emergency response or disease control, data access can literally mean life or death. In the event of data loss, the consequences can be substantial, even when the immediate implications seem less…

GCN: Keeping Pace with SDN Means Embracing its Benefits

With the introduction of any new networking technology, two things are inevitable: First comes the hype, with organizations everywhere discussing whether to invest in it. Second is the panic -- particularly among the professionals tasked with implementing and adopting it.…

Channel: Cost, speed as hyper-converged infrastructure benefits

Channel partners active in hyper-converged infrastructure see an expanding set of use cases, although mission-critical applications may lag behind other HCI candidates. In this article from TechTarget, Force 3's next-generation networking director Jon Kim discusses recent developments in the hyper-converged infrastructure…

Cisco IoT Strategy Will Unleash Services Opportunities, Forge Ties With Technology Vendors

In this article from CRN, Force 3 CEO Mike Greaney joins other industry channel partners to weigh in on Cisco’s IoT Strategy featured at this year’s Cisco Global Partners SummitCisco Systems is putting its Internet of Things strategy into higher…

Programmability: How Federal Agencies Can Embrace Programmable Networks

In a professional climate that demands nonstop productivity, organizations everywhere depend on their technology to keep pace. More than ever, federal agencies want systems and processes that reduce complexity and waste. Even so, adopting and implementing new technology comes with…

SDX Central: Enhancing Network Security With SDN Automation

When it comes to software-defined networking (SDN) automation, certain benefits frequently get more attention than others. Take, for instance, the simultaneous provisioning of network functions and servers, which allows applications to become available in minutes instead of days or weeks.…

CRN: The benefits of pairing Cisco and VMware for software-defined networking

Until recently, many IT customers approached software-defined networking purchases as an either-or decision between Cisco and VMware. But, as software-defined networking grows in popularity, companies are increasingly deploying both Cisco and VMware solutions. Check out CRN’s article, “Partners: Enterprises are…

Force 3 Perspective: As software-defined networking gains traction, so do its visionaries

Jon Kim directs Force 3's Next Generation Networking division, which focuses in particular on software-defined networking (SDN) and other emerging technologies. Here, he weighs in on what the recent departures of SDN leaders for the venture capital world might mean…

For Customers, Software-Defined WAN Offers Automation, Savings, Efficiency

With benefits like automation, speed and increased efficiency, software-defined WAN promises to reduce the cost and complexity of wide area networks (WAN), while boosting real-time application performance. In TechTarget's feature SD-WAN technology offers channel partner opportunities, Force 3’s vice president…

Boosting Security in Software-Defined Networks

With the growing popularity of technologies such as software-defined networks (SDN), hyper-converged infrastructure and the Internet of Things, IT professionals must constantly prepare for new vulnerabilities in their efforts to bolster network security. In this recent guide from TechTarget, Software-defined…

How SDN builds next-gen security

As software-defined technology continues to gain traction in the federal space, agencies can expect to see a significant, positive impact on their own security posture. Those who embrace software-defined and other next-generation technologies will benefit from three key improvements that…

Force 3 at VMworld: What’s New and Next in Virtualized Computing

What was the overall atmosphere of VMworld? There was a lot of excitement around NSX, especially what the next big use case will be and what are further drivers of the technology. I think attendees were really looking for that…

‘No Respect’ for Critical Communication Infrastructures

"That’s the story of my life, no respect! I don't get no respect I tell ya!" - Rodney Dangerfield Much like the late Rodney Dangerfield, business phones tend to not get much respect. Considering the mission critical role that communications…

Webcast Recap: Next-Generation Data Center Security Webcast hosted by FCW.com

On May 28th Force 3, Palo Alto and VMware sponsored a webcast hosted by FCW.com. The webcast focused on Next-Generation Data Center Security and featured a presentation by Air Force CTO, Frank Konieczny, with a roundtable discussion featuring Jason Parry,…

Wireless Deployments: The Cost Question?

Wireless Deployments: The Cost Question? Radio Frequency engineers have a peculiar dilemma when it comes to standing up new deployments at facilities that are looking to implement Wi-Fi services. A frequent dilemma centers on the customer’s request for a pricing…

Agencies set building blocks of the software-defined enterprise

http://gcn.com/Articles/2014/07/22/Software-defined-data-center.aspx?Page=1

Catch up to your employee’s demands: Go beyond the desktop!

Take note, workforce. We have entered a new era: The Post-PC Era. No longer does the PC tie employees down with its chains. Studies show that sales of PCs are down 30% and it's not because we're in a bad…

VDI at Home: Building a 10-user Environment for $500 (Part 1)

Setting up VMware View Security Server Now that I have the base VMware View setup, I really wanted to watch videos on my iPad from Starbucks. To access the VMware View environment from outside, the VMware View security server must…

How can we help your agency achieve its mission?

Maximize your IT investments. Learn more about solutions and services from Force 3.